Many think that e-cigarettes are safer than regular cigarettes. In fact, this assumption is not entirely true. Although it doesn’t produce harmful smoke like regular cigarettes, it doesn’t mean that e-cigarettes don’t have side effects.
Some e-cigarettes or vapes are similar in shape to cigarettes. However, the way they are used is different. Regular cigarettes must be burned directly to produce smoke. Whereas in vape, the heating is done to evaporate the liquid in the tool tank, to produce smoke.
Various Side Effects of E-Cigarettes
The use of e-cigarettes has been controversial among smokers. There are several studies showing that e-cigarettes can help stop smoking, as well as many claims that e-cigarettes are safer than regular cigarettes.
Whether or not this claim is true is uncertain, because there are not many studies that examine the long-term effects of using e-cigarettes.
That’s why you need to be careful if you want to switch to this type of cigarette as a way to quit smoking. The negative impact of e-cigarettes is not necessarily less than regular cigarettes. The following are some of the side effects of e-cigarettes that you need to know about:
1. Increases the risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease
Most of the liquids used in e-cigarettes contain nicotine. Some conditions that can arise from long-term use of nicotine are increased blood pressure and heart rate, as well as an increased risk of developing insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.
2. Increases the risk of cancer
Some brands of liquid for e-cigarettes contain formaldehyde, which can cause cancer. In addition, some of the basic ingredients of this liquid, such as propylene glycol and glycerol, can also turn into formaldehyde when heated. This makes the use of e-cigarettes considered to increase the risk of developing cancers, such as lung cancer.
3. Increases the risk of lung damage
The delicious aroma produced by e-cigarettes comes from a harmful substance called diacetyl. If inhaled, this substance will cause inflammation and damage to the lungs, and the risk of causing bronchiolitis obliterans (popcorn lung).
Bronchiolitis obliterans is a rare lung disease, in which the bronchioles or the smallest airways in the lungs are permanently damaged.
4. Reduce memory in children
E-cigarettes are very popular among teenagers and young adults. Several studies have so far revealed that the nicotine content in e-cigarettes can make teens more active.
However, when used long term, this nicotine content can interfere with memory and concentration, especially if e-cigarette users also use regular cigarettes, or consume alcohol and drugs.
5. Causing addiction
Another side effect of e-cigarettes is addiction. Quitting e-cigarettes can cause users to experience stress, irritability, anxiety, and difficulty sleeping.
Another danger that also needs to be considered, there are several reports stating that the device inside e-cigarettes can catch fire or even explode if the battery is too hot.
When compared to regular cigarette smoke, e-cigarette smoke is indeed considered safer for passive smokers, because the levels of toxic substances and irritants in it are lower. However, e-cigarette smoke can still cause eye irritation, cough, runny nose, shortness of breath, and dizziness, if inhaled by people around them.
The side effects of e-cigarettes are still not known for certain, so you still need to be careful because they may be worse than regular cigarettes. However, not smoking at all is certainly better. If you’re having trouble quitting smoking, try talking to your doctor.