The growth of children can be monitored from their height. To ensure that children grow well, parents need to know what the ideal height of children is according to age. In addition, parents also need to know how to maximize their child’s growth, in order to help him grow optimally.
In addition to weight, a child’s height is also a measure of nutritional status and growth. Lack of height in children can be caused by several things, such as genetic factors, namely if both parents are short, growth is not perfect, malnutrition, or the presence of certain diseases.
In order for growth disorders to be detected early and treated immediately, parents must be careful in monitoring their child’s growth and development. If not treated properly, the child’s growth is not optimal, and the child may experience complications later in life.
Ideal Child Height According to Age
Ideal height is the range of normal body length according to age and gender. Ideally, the increase in body length from birth to the age of 1 year is about 25 cm, from the age of 1 year to the age of 2 years is about 13 cm, and the age of 2 years to the age of 3 years is about 9 cm. Meanwhile, from the age of 4 years to puberty, children will experience an increase in height of about 5 cm per year.
Based on the standards of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia which refers to the World Health Organization (WHO), the ideal height benchmark for children is distinguished by age and gender.
The ideal height for a boy based on his age is:
Age 1 year: 72 – 78 cm
2 years old: 82 – 92 cm
Age 3 years: 83 – 95 cm
Age 4 years: 84 – 97 cm
Age 5 years: 85 – 98 cm
While the ideal height for girls based on their age is:
Age 1 year: 70 – 78 cm
2 years old: 80 – 92 cm
Age 3 years: 82 – 95 cm
Age 4 years: 83 – 96 cm
Age 5 years: 84 – 97 cm
How to Optimize Children’s Growth
Every child’s growth rate is different. This is influenced by several things, such as genetic factors, nutrition, the presence or absence of stimulation for growth and development, and growth hormone levels. However, there are several ways you can do to maximize your child’s growth:
1. Provide nutritious food
Meet the nutritional needs of children by adopting a healthy diet. Give your child a variety of nutritious foods, especially foods rich in protein, vitamins, and minerals, such as calcium and iron. These nutrients can be obtained, among others, from fish, meat, nuts, and vegetables and fruit. Children can also be given additional vitamin supplements, if deemed necessary.
2. Give milk
In addition to nutritious food, add milk to your child’s daily menu. Choose milk that contains essential nutrients for growth, namely protein (amino acids), fat, calcium, magnesium, zinc, vitamin A, and vitamin D.
A good supplementary dairy product is one that contains quality protein, for example with essential amino acids obtained from cow’s milk protein sources, whey protein, and soy (soy) protein. These various nutrients are needed in the growth process of children, as well as to maintain bone health. To increase children’s tastes, now some dairy products are enriched with various flavors, such as vanilla, chocolate, and honey.
3. Make sure your child is getting enough sleep and exercising regularly
Applying a good sleep pattern in children and getting them used to exercising regularly can make their body grow optimally, because adequate sleep and exercise will increase the production of growth hormone.
There are several types of exercise that are considered effective for heightening, although they have not been scientifically proven. Among them are swimming, playing basketball, and jumping rope.
Efforts to optimize children’s growth must be carried out from an early age until the child reaches puberty, because the child’s height will reach its peak at the end of this period.
To ensure the child’s growth is in accordance with the above reference, take him to the Posyandu or other health facility, to be weighed and measured for height. Be aware of growth disorders if your little one’s growth and development is hampered or not in accordance with children his age. If it is suspected that there is a growth disorder or disorder, immediately consult your child’s doctor.